Issues with concentration, memory, task management, and non-traditional learning styles can be difficult to cope with, and over time individuals struggling with these issues can encounter additional emotional conflicts, such as anxiety at test taking, or depression when faced with projects.
Who Struggles with ADHD
The National Institute for Mental Health reported the lifetime prevalence of ADHD among U.S. adolescents aged 13 to 18 years:
- The lifetime prevalence of ADHD was 8.7%.
- Nearly half of all cases showed severe impairment (4.2%). Impairment criteria were based on the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
- ADHD affected three times as many males (13.0%) as females (4.2%)
Based on diagnostic interview data, the prevalence of adults aged 18 to 44 years with a current diagnosis of ADHD:
- The overall prevalence of current adult ADHD is 4.4%.
- Prevalence was higher for males (5.4%) versus females (3.2%).
- The non-Hispanic white group (5.4%) had a higher prevalence than all other race/ethnicity groups.
- The estimated lifetime prevalence of ADHD in U.S. adults aged 18 to 44 years was 8.1%.
How Therapy Can Help
While coping with these issues is often addressed with medications, counseling can help individuals learn basic tools to better engage with learning and work environments, as well as cope with secondary emotional issues stemming from ADHD symptoms. Cognitive Behavior Therapy is often recommended for adjusting unbalanced habits in learning and working roles.